Waddell's Annals of Augusta County, Virginia, from 1726 to 1871


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The BRECKINRIDGES

were driven by persecution from Ayshire, Scotland, to the North of Ireland, during the reign of Charles II. In 1728 Alexander Breckinridge came to America, and after residing a few years in Pennsylvania, removed to Augusta county, and settled on a farm near the site of Staunton. As we have seen, he was one of the commissioners of Tinkling Spring congregation, August 11, 1741. He died in 1746, and his name does not appear again in our annals.

From the records of Orange Court, in 1740, when Alexander Breckinridge “proved his importation,” it appears that he had seven children exclusive of his daughter* Sarah, wife of Robert McClanahan.

The names of three of the children are illegible, but one of these was Adam. Of his sons John and Smith, daughter Letitia and two anonymous children, we have no information. George Breckinridge, his father’s Administrator, probably removed to Albemarle, as stated elsewhere. The only mention of him we have found in Augusta county records is the fact that he conveyed 245 acres of land in Beverley Manor to Robert Breckinridge, May 16, 1747.

George Breckinridge’s wife was Ann Daws. He had three sons, Alexander, Robert and John; and three daughters, Jane, Elizabeth, and Letitia. The descendants of this branch are numerous. They write their names Breckenridge, not Breckinridge.

Robert Breckinridge remained in the county, living on a farm adjacent to Staunton, and became prominent during the Indian wars. He incurred the hostility of Governor Dinwiddie, and was roundly berated by that irate letter-writer, for which we do not think the worse of him. The town of Staunton being incorporated in 1761, Major Breckinridge was named in the act as one of the trustees, in association with his brother-in-law, William Preston, his nephew or cousin, Alexander McClanahan, and others. Some time thereafter he removed to the “upper country,” and when Botetourt was constituted, in 1769-’70, he was one of the first justices of the peace and lieutenant-colonel of the militia of that county. He died in Botetourt in 1772.

Colonel Breckinridge’s first wife was a daughter of Robert Poage, one of the first Justices of Augusta county, who probably came to America and the Valley with the Breckinridges, Prestons and others. By her he had two sons, Robert and Alexander. These sons, according to Mrs. Floyd’s narrative, not living harmoniously with their father’s second wife, were sent to Hanover county to learn the carpenter’s trade with Francis Smith, Col. William Preston’s brother-in-law. They became skilful workmen, and were employed by Colonel Preston to build his dwelling-house at Smithfield. Both of them entered the continental army when the war of the Revolution arose, and became officers, and both removed to Kentucky soon after the war. Robert, Jr., was a member of the Kentucky Convention and Legislature, and the first Speaker of the House of Delegates. he died, an old and wealthy man, in Louisville some time after 1830. Major Alexander Breckinridge

* Perhaps a sister instead of daughter.

Married Elijah McClanahan in 1749.


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