Waddell's Annals of Augusta County, Virginia, from 1726 to 1871


1775, it is said, he was appointed colonel, with authority to raise a regiment of white men on the frontiers hostile to the cause of the colonies, and to enlist the Indians on the side of Great Britain. His arrest at Fredericktown defeated the attempt. After his release he joined the British army, and was with Cornwallis when he surrendered at Yorktown. By grant from Dunmore, he acquired a large landed interest on the Ohio river, where Louisville, Kentucky, now stands, John Campbell and Joseph Simon having an interest in the grant, and his share of the property was confiscated by act of the Legislature of Virginia, the territory then being a part of the State. The last we have heard of him was in 1788, when he came from Canada to Louisville, for the purpose professedly of making a business arrangement with Mr. Campbell, but the popular prejudice against him was such that he could not remain, and leaving the United States nothing further is known of him.—[See Border Warfare, page 134 and various acts in Hening, passed in 1780, 1783, and 1784, “for establishing the town of Louisville, in the county of Jefferson,” etc., etc.] For some further account of Connoly see McMaster’s History of the people of the United States, Vol. I, page 522.

In November, 1770, as Washington was returning from his voyage down the Ohio, he noted in a pocket almanac that in Pittsburg he invited Dr. Connoly and others to dinner. He said Connoly was a very intelligent man, who had been up the Shawna River (now the Cumberland) nearly four hundred miles, and gave a glowing account of the river valley. Connoly also mentioned the Falls of the Ohio, the site of his lands afterwards located and confiscated. He thus pointed the way to that land of promise to many Revolutionary soldiers. By act of the Legislature of Virginia, the proceeds of sale of Connoly’s land went as an endowment to Translvania University of Lexington, Kentucky.

In order not to break the connection, we have anticipated the course of events and will return in the next chapter to the early part of the year 1775.



Nova Scotia was settled by the French, and called by them Acadia, before the Pilgrim Fathers landed on Plymouth Rock. The soil generally was fertile, and in course of time farms and villages sprang up over the country. Early in the eighteenth century, in the

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