Waddell's Annals of Augusta County, Virginia, from 1726 to 1871


cattle, at the rate of two dollars for one in coin. When she left home the depreciation was not near so great. So she took the paper, and set off home with it, exulting in her financial shrewdness. Each day’s travel lowered her anticipations of profit, until, when she reached home, three dollars in script were worth only one in specie.*

Until some time after the Revolution, the merchants in the State were, with few exceptions, Scotch or Scotch-Irish.

An incident of the Revolution, which occurred in Augusta is related in the memoir of Mrs. Jane Allen Trimble. The women and children of that era were left in charge of the homesteads, and many females displayed as much patriotism and courage as the male members of their families. Rigid economy and untiring industry were practised in every household, and many families, whose sons and brothers were in the field as soldiers, were dependent upon their neighbors for the means of living.

A German family dwelling near the Stone Church, seemed to be out of the pale of sympathy that pervaded society. They contributed neither men nor means to aid the cause, and were regarded as Tories, but afraid to avow their principles.

An officer of the Virginia line visited his family in Augusta in 1777, and was at a social party composed principally of females, when the conduct of the family alluded to was commented upon. A majority of the party urged that the Tories should be driven out of the neighborhood. Jane Allen and one of the Misses Grattan opposed the proposition, saying that the people, if driven away, would probably go to North Carolina and swell the number of active enemies. It was therefore agreed that the case should be put into the hands of the young women named, to be managed by them. The two heroines

* One of Mr. and Mrs. John Grattan’s daughters became the wife of Colonel Robert Gamble; another, the wife of Samuel Miller, son of Henry Miller, who founded the iron-works on Mossy creek in 1774; and a third married Colonel Samuel Brown, of Greenbrier, who, as we have seen, was carried off by the Indians when he was a boy, in 1764. Their youngest child was Major Robert Grattan, for some years a merchant in Staunton, of the firm of Gamble & Grattan, and afterwards, for many years, famous for his hospitality to travelers by Bockett’s stage coaches, while passing his residence on North river, in Rockingham. He commanded a company of cavalry against the whiskey insurgents in Pennsylvania. An older son of John Grattan was an officer in one of the Virginia regiments during the Revolution, and died in service in Georgia. Major Robert Grattan was the father of the late Peachy R. Grattan, of Richmond, Major Robert Grattan, of Rockingham, Mrs. George R. Gilmer, and Mrs. Dr. Harris.

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