SMITH EXPLORES THE CUMBERLAND.
for the next several years continued to make fall hunts on Rockcastle river, near the Crab-Orchard, in Kentucky.
Daniel Boon, who still lived on the Yadkin, though he had previously huntedon the western waters, came
|1764||again this year to explore the country, being employed for this purpose by Henderson & Company. With him came Samuel Callaway, his kinsman, and the ancestor of the respectable family of that|
name, pioneers of Tennessee, Kentucky and Missouri. Callaway was at
the side of Boon when, approaching the spurs of the Cumberland Mountain, and in view of the vast herds of buffalo grazing in the vallies between them, he exclaimed,
I am richer than the man mentioned in scripture, who owned the cattle on a thousand hills—I own the wild beasts of more than a thousand vallies.
After Boon and Callaway, came another hunter, Henry Scaggins, who was also employed by Henderson. He extended his exploration to the Lower Cumberland, and fixed his station at Mansco’s Lick.
“About the last of June, 1766, Col. James Smith set off to explore the great body of rich lands,
1766 which, by conversing with the Indians, he understood to be between the Ohio and Cherokee rivers, and lately ceded by a treaty made with Sir William Johnston, to the King of Great Britain. He went,
in the first place, to Holston river, and thence travelled westwardly in company with Joshua Horton, Uriah Stone and William Baker, who came from Carlisle, Pa.,—four in all—and a slave, aged 18, belonging to Horton. They explored the country south of Kentucky, and no vestige of a white man was to be found there, more than there is now at the head of the Missouri. They also explored Cumberland and Tennessee rivers, from Stone’s river down to the Ohio. Stone’s river is a branch of Cumberland, and empties into it eight or ten miles above Nashville. It was so named in the journal of these explorers, after Mr. Stone, one of their number, and has ever since retained the name. When they came to the mouth of Tennessee, Col. Smith concluded to return home, and the others to proceed to the Illinois. They gave to Col. Smith the greater part of their powder and lead—amounting only to half a pound of the former, and a proportionate quantity of lead. Mr. Horton, also, left with him his slave: and Smith set off with him through the wilderness, to Carolina. Near a buffalo path, they made them a shelter; but fearing the Indians might pass that way and discover his fire place, he removed to a greater distance from it. After remaining there six weeks, he proceeded on his journey, and arrived in Carolina in October. He thence travelled to Fort Chissel, and from there returned home to Coneco-Cheague, in the fall of 1767.”*
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